Endodontics is a speciality of Dentistry that deals with diseases of the dental pulp and its supporting structures. Endodontic Treatment is an economical way to preserve a tooth in function especially when the cost of tooth loss and replacement is so high.
In order to understand what Endodontic Treatment or Root Canal Treatment is, it helps to know something about the anatomy of a tooth.Teeth have several layers:
Although the Pulp is important during development of the tooth, it is not necessary for function of the tooth. The tooth continues to be nourished by the tissues surrounding it even after the pulp is removed.
Endodontic Treatment or Root Canal Treatment is necessary when the Pulp becomes inflamed or infected.
The most common reasons for inflammation or infection are deep cavities (caries), repeated dental procedures, cracks or chips. Trauma can also cause inflammation and often shows up as discoloration of the tooth.
If Pulp inflammation or infection is left untreated, it can cause pain or lead to an abscess.